The overall objective of CitInES was to design and develop two multi-scale multi-energy decision-support tools to optimize the energy strategy of cities and large industrial complexes by enabling them to define sustainable, reliable and cost-effective long-term energy plans. Demonstrations of tools took place in two cities in Italy, Cesena and Bologna, and in one oil refinery from Tupras group, in Turkey.

Innovative energy system modelling and optimization algorithms have been designed to allow end-users to optimize their energy strategy through detailed simulations of local energy generation, storage, transport, distribution and demand, including demand-side management and functionalities enabled by smart grid technologies. All energy vectors (electricity, gas, heat, etc.), end-uses (heating, air conditioning, lighting, transportation, etc.) and sectors (residential, industrial, tertiary, urban infrastructure) will be considered to draw a holistic map of the city/industry energy behavior.

The CitInES methodology was experimented in two partner cities and in an oil refinery. The proposed strategies were assessed and compared to initial end-user plans to quantify energy and CO2 emission savings.